• Chemical & Physical Sciences: TMW
  • Social Sciences: TMS

What is geography? Geography is a discipline that investigates natural and social processes at the local, national and global scale. Geographers study human activities and the environment from a spatial perspective with the intent to understand complex social and environmental issues. This unique perspective on the world around them gives geographers the ability to synthesize across a broad range of disciplines such as sociology, climatology, political science, hydrology, soils, GIS, environment, economics and biology to provide numerous career opportunities. Students can earn either an HBA or an HBSc depending on their focus.

Programs and specializations

  • Geography (HBA & HBSc), offered as a Minor, Major and Specialist
  • Geographic Information Systems (HBSc), offered as a Minor and a Major
  • Geocomputational Science (HBSc), offered as a Specialist

Why choose U of T Mississauga for Geography?

  • Geography at U of T Mississauga provides avenues for exploring the world. It is often considered the most integrative discipline, as it incorporates a myriad of ideas, concepts and topics while grounding them in real places and spaces. It is also a pragmatic discipline, in that Geography and Environment students learn a number of important and marketable skills that they can apply in finding solutions to many of the world’s problems.

  • Students are prepared for advanced work in a variety of important fields, including city planning, government policy, geographic information systems (GIS) and environmental analysis. The program at U of T Mississauga prepares students for advanced work in the field, and for graduate school.

  • Students in the specialist program are given the opportunity to pursue an honours thesis project under the supervision of a faculty member which contributes new knowledge to the discipline. Many graduates have gone on to win prestigious awards and fellowships.

  • U of T Mississauga offers a fourth-year honours thesis course designed to provide experience in the design and execution of an independent senior thesis under the supervision of a faculty member. This course allows students to learn through doing, gain research skills applicable to graduate school, build communication skills valuable to employers and earn credible reference letters.

  • U of T Mississauga’s Geography professors receive top marks for teaching, and have strong research reputations. Professors currently conduct research on progressive topics such as energy policy, GIS-based habitat or terrain analysis, globalization and urban restructuring, social inclusion and exclusion, urban ecology and urban form, climate change, access to health care, landscape ecology and aboriginal populations.

Hands-on experience

  • Field courses: Students have the opportunity to participate in local or national field trips to places such as the Rocky Mountains.

  • Modern tools: Students use industry tools such as field equipment satellite imagery, and state-of-the-art computers and software in the GIS laboratory.  

  • Active weather station on campus monitoring local weather conditions: Students have the opportunity to run their own project related to weather monitoring using the latest data logging instruments.

Affiliated student club

  • Student Association for Geography and Environment (SAGE)

What high school preparation do I need?

  • All programs require Grade 12 English (ENG4U) and five other Grade 12 U/M courses*
  • If applying for Geography through the Social Sciences, no other prerequisites are required.
  • If applying for Geography through the Chemical & Physical Sciences: Advanced Functions (MHF4U) and one of Chemistry (SCH4U) or Physics (SPH4U) are required.*
  • For GIS: One Grade 12U Math*
  • If applying for Geocomputational Science through Computer Sciences, Math & Statistics: Advanced Functions, Calculus, Vectors & Math of Data Management are recommended.

*This refers to courses from the Ontario curriculum.  We will accept equivalent courses from other academic systems. For details, visit

What courses do I take?


  • GGR117Y5: Where On Earth?

Upper-year courses include:

Human Geography Core:  

  • GGR202H5: Where in Canada?
  • GGR207H5: Cities, Urbanization and Development
  • GGR208H5: Places and People
  • GGR209H5: People, Money and Places
  • GGR252H5: Marketing Geography

Specializations:  Economic Geography, Energy and Society, Great Lakes; Cities in Transition, Geography of Health and Health Care; Environmental Issues in Undeveloping World; City Planning, Trade and Globalization;  India and South Asia; Changing Geographies of Latin America.

Quantitative and Qualitative courses:

  • GGR276H5: Spatial Data Analysis and Mapping
  • GGR277H5: Social Research Methods
  • GGR278H5: Geographical Information System

Specializations: Remote Sensing; Geographic Information Analysis and Processing; Communicating with Maps; Transportation Geography.

Physical Geography Core:

  • GGR214H5: Global Weather and Climate
  • GGR217H5: Global Water Cycle
  • GGR227H5: Ecosystem & Environment change

Specializations: Soil Sciences, Biogeography; Wetlands, Landscape Biogeography, Hydrology, Landforms, Global Climate Change; Glaciers; Field Methods; Geographical Information Processing; Environmental Remote Sensing.

Specialized Research:

  • GGR399Y5: Research Opportunity
  • GGR417Y5: Honours Thesis

After graduation

  • U of T Mississauga’s Geography programs prepare students with strong research, communication and analytical skills along with the necessary knowledge to succeed in government, environment, teaching, consulting, business and planning.
  • Geography graduates find work in some of the most dynamic areas of today’s job market, including: GIS (Geographic Information Systems) specialist, cartographer, city planner, transportation modeler, hydrologist, spatial data analyst, climatologist, policy analyst, soils analyst,
  • Many graduates specialize their skills by completing masters and doctoral programs.

For more information

Sabrina Ferrari
Academic Counsellor